PowerShell Arrays

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In this lecture, we are going to learn about PowerShell Arrays.

So, first, let's start with the definition.

Now, if you go to Google and you just ask for the definition of Arrays it will say “An impressive display or range of a particular type of thing”, “An ordered series of arrangements”. Those are two definitions that you get if you go to Google.

Now, you can think of this example sentence: “They have an array of Swords hanging in the  castle”. It kind of puts an image in your mind of a castle with five, six, seven different Swords hanging on a wall or whatever the case might be. Kind of gives you an idea.

Now, in PowerShell, an Array is a collection of elements that are identified by a unique index number.

Arrays are similar to PowerShell variables, but they are created and used differently.

The primary differences are: A variable stores a single element, and an Array can store multiple elements.

I am going to open PowerShell logged in and I have launched it as an Administrator. What we are going to do is look into the differences between creating or declaring a variable and declaring an array in PowerShell.

First, with the variable I can create $MyVariable = “cheese” and press Enter.

Now, we can echo the value of $MyVariable by typing it in and pressing Enter.

Echoing or declaring an array is not much different. What we are going to do is create an array by typing $MyArray = @(“Cheese”) and press Enter.

I can now type $MyArray and I can reference the index number of this element. Now, since this is the first and only element inside of this array and remember that computers start counting at 0, we can type the following: $MyArray[0] and press Enter.

We can declare multiple elements in an array. If we want to declare multiple elements for $MyArray = @(“Elm1”,”Elm2”,”Elm3”) and press Enter, and I type $MyArray[] we can reference each of these elements.

Just keep in mind that we have 3 elements but computers count at 0 so the index numbers for the elements of the array would be 0,1,2. That’s why when I put 3 it didn’t output anything.

Now, we can also output all this information by calling the array and not specifying an index number like $MyArray and pressing Enter.

Now, a lot of times when you are working with PowerShell Arrays you will be creating an empty array and then adding or removing from that array. So we are going to talk about how you can declare an empty array, and you can do that by just typing: $MyArray = @()

Now, I can output my array by typing $MyArray and pressing Enter.

The array is empty or blank. Generally, when you are working with arrays you want to declare and then you can add or remove them. Unless you have a fixed value that you know you are going to put into the array then you would declare it like this: $MyArray = @(“Elm1”,”Elm2”,”Elm3”)

Now, if we have this empty array called $MyArray I can add to it by using $MyArray += “Apple” and press Enter. Now, if I output $MyArray and press Enter it now has Apple.

Now, if I want to add something else to that array I can type $MyArray += “Olives” for a single value. But if you want to add multiple values you can type $MyArray @(“Peppers”,”Olives”) and press Enter.

Now, if I echo $MyArray and press Enter.

I can now see all the values stored in $MyArray.

So, what we just did is we create a blank array verifying that it was empty by echoing the array and then entering the values and echoing the array again.

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