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Python operators are used to complete operations with numbers like arithmetic, assignment, comparisons, logical and more.

Here is a table that will explain the python operators:

OperatorDescriptionExample
+Add1 + 1 = 2
-Subtract2 - 1 = 1
*Multiply 2 * 2 = 4
/Divide10 / 4 = 2.5
//Floor division10 // 4 = 2
%Modulo10 % 4 = 2
**Exponent2 ** 4 = 16
Python Operators Table

Feel free to try these examples in the python terminal above! Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division make sense to most people, so let's focus on the more confusing operators here that you might not be familiar with.

Floor Division

Floor division in the simplest of terms divides two numbers then rounds that number down. Since 10 / 4 = 2.5, it will round 2.5 down to 2 like so:

>>> 10 // 4
2

Modulo

The modulus operator will return the remainder of a division. Let's take for example, 10 / 4.

4 * 2 = 8, and the remainder is 2:

>>> 10 % 4
2

To understand this one better I would encourage you to use the Python console above to experiment with the modulo more.

Exponent

This one is pretty simple. 5 ** 5 is read as 5^5, or 5 to the 5th power. So 5*5*5*5*5 = 3125

>>> 5**5
3125

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